While the Eastern Brown Pelican is still considered threatened in some states, it is doing just fine in Florida. I see them everywhere around Charlotte Harbor although favorite places are Ponce de Leon Park, Placida, Fisherman’s Village and just about anywhere there is a piling to sit on.
The one on the right is all dressed up in mating plumage looking for a date.
These are large birds. Their non-breeding colors are a more muted brown and grey with pale undersides. They can weigh about 8 pounds and are about 4 feet long with a wingspan up to 7 feet.
I often see them in flight along the PGI entrance canal. They have a roosting area that is reachable by shallow draft boat or a long haul through a mangrove marsh.
They are a bit of a bully with smaller birds though. The pilings for the channel markers are used by a lot of birds to rest from feeding. You quite often see Anhingas, Cormorants, Gulls and Terns on them but, when a Pelican wants one for a roost, there is no argument.
Normally, their flight and landings are more graceful.
They dive to feed and their pouch can hold about 3 gallons of water. While cartoons show them with quite large fish in the pouch, it’s actually more like a net that can hold a lot of smaller fish.
One interesting to see in flight is their ability to glide for very long distances without moving their wings. This is done with a high angle of attack on the wing which pushes a cushion of air beneath them. Man has copied this with an aviation technology known as Wing In Groundeffect or WIG. Here are a couple of shots of Pelicans In Groundeffect (maybe I could call that PIG) 🙂